Federal Tax Information Your rights as a taxpayer, Define

Federal Tax Information

Federal Tax Information, Tax information can be difficult to understand in any language. It can be even more difficult if the information is not offered in your preferred language.

We are working to provide our tax resources in more languages. In the meantime, we’ve created this guide to help you find the information you need to pay your taxes and file a federal tax return.

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Most of the links on this page lead to content that is available in English.

Your rights as a taxpayer

Every taxpayer has a set of primary rights that they should be aware of when dealing with the IRS. To help taxpayers who interact with the IRS understand their rights, the agency has outlined them inPublicación 1SP, Derechos del ContribuyentePDF.

Who has to file a return?

Most US citizens and most people who work in the United States are taxed on income they earn that is more than a set minimum amount. Even if you earn less than the minimum amount set, you still want to file your taxes. To find out whether or not you need to file a tax return, see¿Necesito presentar una declaración de impuestos? (en inglés).

Employees who receive a Form W-2

If you earn wages working for a business, your employer must give you a Form W-2, Wage, and Tax Statement, in English, showing your total earnings and withholding taxes. If you receive a Form W-2, then you will want to file a tax return since your employer paid taxes for you, and you may owe less tax than you paid.

Workers in the sharing economy

Tax Help Center for the Sharing Economy



  • You carry on a trade or business as a sole proprietor or independent contractor.
  • You are a member of a partnership carrying on a trade or business.
  • You are in business for yourself (including a part-time business).

estimated taxes

self-employment tax

business owners

Self-Employed and Small Business Information Center

Pay your tax while you earn your income

tax withholding estimated tax payments

Withholding tax

If you’re an employee, your employer probably withholds income tax from your paycheck and pays it to the IRS on your behalf.

The amount of tax your employer withholds from your regular pay depends on:

  • The amount you earn.
  • The information you provide to your employer on Form W-4, Employee’s Withholding Certificate.

Tax Withholding Estimator

Estimated taxes

If you are self-employed, you generally need to make estimated tax payments.

In addition, you may need to make estimated tax payments if you expect to owe $1,000 or more when you file. This could happen if you are a sole proprietor, a partner in a business, or a worker in the sharing economy.

You may be charged a penalty if your estimated tax payments are late, even if a refund is due when you file your tax return.

How to file for you and your family

file an individual tax return

when to file

The due date for filing and paying taxes for individuals and families is normally April 15. See our page on to File for information on exceptions and extensions to the filing due date.

What do you need to be able to present

Taxpayer identification number

You are required to include a taxpayer identification number on all your tax-related documents.

Most taxpayer-identification numbers are Social Security numbers.

If you are not entitled to a Social Security number, you must use annúmero de identificación personal del contribuyente del IRS(ITIN). ITINs are issued solely for federal tax filing and reporting purposes.

An ITIN does not:

  • Authorizes you to work in the United States.
  • It entitles you to receive Social Security benefits.
  • The right to qualify for thecrédito tributario por ingreso del trabajo.

how to file

electronic filing

Electronic filing – or e-file – is when you use commercial tax preparation software to submit your income tax return to the IRS over the Internet.

If you e-file your tax return, you will usually receive your tax refund within 3 weeks from the date we receive your return. You can receive your refund even faster if you choose to receive it via direct deposit to your bank account. The IRS offers several options de e-file, including FreeFile.


with Free File, you can prepare and file your federal income tax return for free using tax preparation and filing software.

special taxpayers

military and veterans

Members and veterans of the United States Armed Forces have special tax situations and benefits, including access to MilTax, a program that generally offers free tax return preparation and filing. We offer information tributaria para miembros de la militia to help you understand how those provisions affect you and your taxes if you are on active duty, in the reserves or if you are a veteran.

unemployment insurance fund

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